Rheumatic disease can develop in people of any age, sex or race. There are several different forms of rheumatic disease and some people are more susceptible to some than others. Some contributing factors to the disease, includes:
- Environmental factors
Some people are at higher risk for developing rheumatic disease, including those who carry the PTPN22 gene, women, African Americans and Hispanics.
The signs and symptoms of rheumatic disease vary depending on the type, but in general people with arthritis experience pain and stiffness in the joints. Early detection and treatment is the key to helping prevent further joint damage and manage symptoms.
Types of Rheumatic Disease
Below is a list of many of the types of rheumatic diseases. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned, please contact our office for an examination.
A chronic, or long-lasting, disease that primarily affects the spine and may lead to stiffness of the back. The joints and ligaments that normally permit the back to move become inflamed. The joints and bones may grow (fuse) together.
This is a condition that causes pain and tenderness in the joints of the bursae, which is a small fluid-filled sac that reduces the friction between the bones and the moving structures.
Inflammation of the colon or small intestines.
More than 2 million Americans have gout, which is a type of arthritis where microscopic crystals of uric acid develop on the joints and cause inflammation, swelling and pain. This often occurs in the big toe.
This general term is used to classify forms of arthritis that develop as a result of an infection. Parvovirus arthritis and Lyme disease are examples of types of arthritis that occur as a result of either a bacterial or viral infection. Early detection is the key to minimizing potential joint damage.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
This is the most common form of arthritis in children. Common symptoms include pain, stiffness, swelling and loss of function in the joints. It can also be accompanied with fevers or rashes on various parts of the body as well.
OA is the most common type of arthritis that affects about 27 million adults in the United States alone. This chronic condition is characterized by the breakdown of the joint’s cartilage. Cartilage is the part of the joint that cushions the ends of the bones and allows easy movement of joints. The breakdown of cartilage causes the bones to rub against each other, causing stiffness, pain and loss of movement in the joint.
A condition that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density, causing bones to become fragile.
Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR)
A condition that causes aching, severe muscle stiffness and pain in the tendons, muscles, ligaments and tissues around the joints in the shoulders, hips, neck and lower back. This can be the first indication of giant cell arteritis, which is a disease of the arteries.
This rheumatic disease can affect the whole body causing inflammation and muscle weakness, ultimately causing disability.
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic disease characterized by inflammation of the skin (psoriasis) and joints (arthritis). This often affects the joints at the end of the toes and fingers and can be accompanied by changes in the toenails and fingernails.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
RA is a chronic disease that affects about 1.3 million people in the United State. It is mainly characterized by inflammation of the lining, or synovium, of the joints. It can lead to long-term joint damage, resulting in chronic pain, loss of function and disability. RA most often affects the joints of the hands and feet and tend to occur equally on both sides of the body. This is a distinguishing factor from other forms of the disease.
Also referred to as systemic sclerosis, this disease literally means “hard skin”. Scleroderma occurs when there is an abnormal and overproduction of collagen in the skin. It can affect the skin, blood vessels, joint and possibly internal organs, like the lungs and kidneys.
An autoimmune disease that causes dry eyes and a dry mouth.
This is a group of rheumatic disease that mainly affects the spine, but certain forms can also affect the hips, shoulders and knees. When the tendons and ligaments become inflamed, stiffness and pain occur. There are different forms of spondyloarthropathies that affect people at different ages and may be associated with other underlying conditions such as eye problems, skin rashes and mouth sores.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
SLE is a chronic (long-lasting) rheumatic disease which affects joints, muscles and other parts of the body. Lupus involves inflammation (the immune system’s response to kill foreign agents, virus, bacteria). More than a quarter of a million people are affected by lupus.
Tendinitis is a condition where inflammation is present in the tendons that connect muscles to bone. It usually develops when these tendons are overused, injured or if there is a preexisting rheumatic condition. Symptoms usually include pain, tenderness and restricted movement.
It is estimated that 46 million Americans suffer from arthritis or other rheumatic conditions. This number is expected to reach 60 million by the year 2020.